Home Forums Community Talk “Extreme weather events are increasingly being amplified by global warming. A better understanding of the nature of location specific risks due to climate extremes can facilitate comprehensive early action systems across the Asia and Africa.”

This topic contains 4 replies, has 5 voices, and was last updated by  Erika Rako Tondratsima 2 years ago.

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    Today, there is evidence of increasing pressure on the global food production system due to several factors such as soil health deterioration, increase in water salinity, scarcity of irrigation water, and high grazing pressure due to increasing livestock. These factors are inevitably posing a serious threat to the very survival of indigenous crop species and cultivars across South and Central Asian Countries and in Sub-Saharan Africa. These factors have become even more critical due to increased frequency and severity of floods and droughts induced by the changing climate, and changes in land use patterns. Early action is required to reduce impact on agriculture-based livelihoods and develop comprehensive early warning action systems, including those for El Niño affected countries. Risk reduction due to climate change induced disasters such as flash floods or landslides / avalanches should be a point of entry to mitigate the effects of climate change at the local and community level in these vulnerable countries. Capacity building programs would also be necessary to provide information on climate change and raise awareness in farmers on how these changes in increased temperature and altered precipitation require them to develop appropriate adaptation strategies and thereby, increase the resilience of rural communities. Mainstreaming adaptation into development activities will also be essential.

    Dr. Murari Lal
    Technical Head, RMSI



    • Irregular rainfall, drought
    • Increasing Population growth & Vulnerability
    • Unclear if drought stress will get worse
    Remedial measures:
    o Ideally increased access to water storage & irrigation
    o Migration
    o Focus on resilient value chain (mainly livestock)
    What can USAID contribute?
    o Sharing lessons and knowledge across contexts
    o Invest in Research?


    Tara Chiu

    • Better address the long term economic behavioral constraints that often prevent smallholders from adopting conservation Agriculture
    • And more generally addressing the behavior that impacts whether or not to adopt new technologies
    • This is a parallel, but often overlooked component of implementing these kinds of adaptations
    • (Setting innovative new approaches from the labs to farmer fields)
    • The AMA Innovation Lab
    – Can do more (build on previous research) to understand the social science and behavioral dynamics at work, test potential solutions, and share results


    Russell Dlamini

    • We have observed increases in surface temperature, including
    – Increased frequency of heat wave
    – Increase in frequency and intensity of drought
    – Drying rivers and boreholes
    – Frequent erratic storms
    – Death of some animals and plants

    • The solution to the climate change problems is building large dams, using drip irrigation and more water conservation technologies.
    • Also for communities who cannot afford these, they will need to harvest water at household level and use some water conservation techniques.


    • A reduction of the rainfall period leads to decrease in the production and crop yield
    • Extreme drought and erratic rainfall due to the climate variability
    • Consideration of Climate resilient strategy at the national level and inclusion in the development agenda by unifying across all sectors
    • Build Back Better – build infrastructure resilient to climate change (and its impacts such as flood, cyclones, etc.)

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